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The views expressed by the members  are their personal interpretation and perception inspired by Sri bhavaghni guruji's wisdom talks 

Absolute Righteousness ( Parama dharmam )

Salutations to Sadguru, my Master

33All people wish to acquire a state of well being. But what is well being is little known to all in general. Those few who really know what is well being are practically always perpetually in that state of well being. In order to be happy, peaceful and contented whatever one must hold on to is called well being. Well being means purity without attachment. Well being means righteousness, the eternally stable nature itself. Well being means wisdom of the highest order.

Srimad Bhagavad Gita says;

karpanya-dosopahata-svabhavah !
prcchami tvam dharma-sammudha-cetah !
yac chreyah syan niscitam bruhi tan me !
                                  sisyas te 'ham sadhi mam tvam prapannam !                         ch2/7

Because of ignorance I am in a pitiable situation unable to decide what is right for me. Hence I beseech you as your subject to dictate to me what is right for me.

Of all the 8.4 million species of life, why is the man alone gifted with intellect? It is only to know something with deeper insight. Using this intellectual capability he shall explore and identify the perennial reality about every thing in the universe including his own self. According to Gita, one who does not distinctly identify reality from things is pitiable person. Human life is a gift of God. Using this opportunity he shall understand and indeed adhere to what is always real.

raja-vidya raja-guhyam pavitram idam uttamam  !
                     pratyaksavagamam dharmyam su-sukham kartum avyayam !            ch9/2

The eternal reality is indestructible, the greatest education of all, the most secret, the purest and the most precious knowledge and is easy to adhere to. One who clings to this shall directly experience the reality.

What one experiences is secret for all others. What one sees with his own eyes is indeed a secret for others. Similarly if one experiences pain or pleasure in one's own heart, it is a secret for all others. The indestructible reality is experienced by some and remains top secret for all others. Only the one who adheres to the righteousness shall eventually experience the reality.

asraddadhanah purusa dharmasyasya parantapa  !
                          aprapya mam nivartante mrtyu-samsara-vartmani !                   ch9/3

For want of faith if one does not learn of the righteousness, one shall get perpetually entangled and crushed by the gears of unending cycles of birth and death.

After all what is righteousness?

maya tatam idam sarvam jagad avyakta-murtina  !
                      mat-sthani sarva-bhutani na caham tesv avasthitah !                ch9/4

The absolute invisible reality upholds the entire creation within its purview, but there is no reality in the creation.

Righteousness is the one that upholds all and never the one that is upheld. The entire moving and unmoving creation is upheld. The upholder is invisible. It is also called the Athma (the self), the solitary reality of all. Whereas all that is upheld is changing in its state every moment, the upholder is eternally stable and changeless. It is inexhaustible and invisible to senses. Even it can not be imagined by mind.

Here we are donning many roles and acting in accordance with their natures and behaving what in our opinions righteous for those positions. Some are family oriented such as father/mother/grand parent/uncle/aunt/brother/sister/son/daughter/nephew/niece/grand child etc and some are race oriented such as Aryan/Dravidian/Mongolian/African/Caucasian etc, some are profession oriented such as doctor/engineer/nurse/barber/goldsmith/pilot/accountant/teacher/ actor/musician/plumber/electrician etc, some are social oriented such as villager/ citizen/ warder/ neighbor/friend/enemy/lover/attorney/guardian/mayor etc and innumerable such roles in a verity of situations. We are living in these roles and dying in these roles. All these are temporary and are bound to change with time or place. These roles may be endearing to us. The difficulties or pleasures of donning these roles and upholding their rights and responsibilities as our bounden duty are well known to all. While enlivening these roles as ourselves we often experience mixed feelings such as pleasure/pain, fear/courage, hope/despair, peace/disturbance, anxiety etc. Is this really good for us? That which is not perishable and unchangeable which is not at all difficult to adopt in practice, and adopting which one experiences unbounded joy, absolute purity, eternal peace, and total contentment, and which shall thereafter remain stable for ever according to the experienced great sages, is indeed permanent well being expressly called parama dharma, absolute righteousness.

 dharmasya tatvam nihitam guhaayam ! 

Bhagavata purana asserts “righteousness that always upholds all is secret!”

Knowledge of the real self is the greatest education of all and experiencing it is the topmost secret.

The absolute reality is not in the form of gods that we have arranged for our worship, nor in the form of any divine person or entity that is describable, nor the spiritual masters howsoever great, virtuous and revered they may be.

avajananti mam mudha manusim tanum asritam  !
                        param bhavam ajananto mama bhuta-mahesvaram !              ch9/11

The ignorant people unable to recognize the consciousness within themselves as the supreme ruler of all animate and inanimate things, see it demoted to forms such as human etc. Unable to understand the supreme consciousness within themselves, the ignorant assume that God exists in some form different from them and engage themselves in propitiating various gods in various methods of worship etc. and various intense activities to earn their favorable disposition. Further they satisfy themselves and others of their kind with arguments that such activities are widely prescribed in Vedas.  

trai-vidya mam soma-pah puta-papa  !
yajnair istva svar-gatim prarthayante !
te punyam asadya surendra-lokam !
                                           asnanti divyan divi deva-bhogan !                                  ch9/20

In order to overcome sins and to earn goodwill and heavenly pleasures, various activities of charity, sacrifice and worship are prescribed in Rik, Sama and Yajur vedas. Those who perform such activities shall enjoy the nectarous heavenly abode and comforts.

Vedic prescriptions are highly significant and result oriented. While these motivate the selfish and greedy people to invest their efforts, wealth and powers in charities, sacrifices, such as for feeding the poor and needy for the sake of earning for themselves heavenly comforts and pleasures after death.

Of course that those who engage in such activities of worship, sacrifice and charity etc as prescribed are directly showering benefits to many more people than those involved in these activities. In order for these benefits to become substantial to earn goodwill and favorable disposition of others, those who undertake these activities have to exert themselves a great deal besides giving away to others in need their wealth etc. Hence these activities purify them of selfishness, greed, hatred, anger, jealousy etc and promote in them certain divine qualities such as love and care for poor and needy, patience, exertion of their own body, speech and mind for general good, sacrifices for others good, honesty, non violence, truthfulness etc.

te tam bhuktva svarga-lokam visalam  !
ksine punye martya-lokam visanti !
evam trayi-dharmam anuprapanna !
                                                gatagatam kama-kama labhante !                                        ch9/21

Such people who are thus qualified to earn heavenly abode after death shall enjoy the pleasures and comforts for long in heaven and once their earnings dwindle with these enjoyments, they return to take another birth on earth. Therefore those who follow these prescriptions of the three Vedas perpetually make journeys between heaven and earth.

These people seeking heavenly comforts spend their lives wholly for earning them. They shall never know the eternal reality. They work hard on earth to earn the invisible nectar of goodwill (eligibility), by which they enjoy heavenly abode for long until that goodwill exhausts and then return to take another life on earth to make a fresh start again. That is all. Every one must anyway undergo extreme suffering both the times of birth and death besides innumerable instances of suffering and grief during life span here. Moreover it is not just one life span on earth before you go to enjoy heaven again. There are 8.4 million species of life here. You do not know which life you are going to take on earth after your heavenly sojourn. Therefore it is anybody's guess if how many lives you have to live as other species before another human life is prized to you. Alas! what a pitiable great suffering of multitudes of life spans! All this is merely for a pleasure trip to heaven once in a long long while?

Is there no salvation from this rapid and stochastic flow of birth and death? Yes! There is a way according to Vedanta, the final conclusions of Vedas. The Vedanta consists of 1108 Upanishads each of which is indeed an independent research thesis by a great sage who has devoted his life and exerted his intellect to find answers to the most profound questions man has ever faced. Sage Badarayana has made available to posterity a concise evaluation, rather validation of the Upanishads in the form of (Brahma Sutras) aphorisms by name Uttara Meemamsa. However the most comprehensive and concise text containing the essence of all the Upanishads is made available in the form of Srimad Bhagavad Gita, popularly known as Bhagavad Gita.

If man wants to get rid of grief and misery, he must exert his intellect and look at every thing with deeper insight. He must know the eternal truth that upholds everything known and unknown and realize it. Out of 8.4 million species of life, man alone has the gift of intellect. Hence he has the chance to understand the reality and overcome grief once and for all. Therefore he should utilize his precious life for exploring the ultimate benefit. Gita says clearly that if you hold on to Paramathma, the absolute reality, you get salvation or release from the cycles of birth and death. It also says that there is in fact really nothing other than Paramathma. Now there is a question that since there is nothing other than Paramathma anyway, if I worship my favorite form of god, is it not equal to worship of Paramathma?

Gita answers this question here.

ye 'py anya-devata-bhakta yajante sraddhayanvitah  !
                    te 'pi mam eva kaunteya yajanty avidhi-purvakam !             ch9/23

Oh! The sharply insightful! Whosoever worships any other god/person/thing with utter devotion and faith, indeed worships Paramathma only. Yet such worship being indirect is not qualified for salvation.

 Such people who worship objective forms as God, would not understand Paramathma, the ultimate reality and therefore can not get released from birth and death cycles.

Some people may question, what worse things could happen if they remain in the birth and death cycles henceforth, as they have already been in the past thus far? These people do not have fear. Wise people generally say that man should have fear and devotion. Let us now see what the man should be afraid of. If a man knows that he should live without food for one month, he feels terrible. When man gets hurt and sustains a body injury, he feels pain and wants to come out of the pain the soonest.

During rainy season, many birds starve without food, face nature's fury without shelter for their bodies. How much do they suffer? Ants work hard for months and collect food for lean periods. But one day a land lord notices the ant hill in his premises, throws a fistful of gamaxine powder and sweeps away their hard earned food. How much pain and deprived do the ants suffer? Can you not imagine, if all your wealth is lost suddenly, how pitiable situation you will slip into?
Gita says clearly if you do not utilize the opportunity of human life to know what you should know using your intellect and how to conduct your life further and waste this precious life time, you are going to be born again into those animal, bird, insect, etc kind of lives, which know only such happiness that comes with sense pleasures.

Just imagine your situation in those lives in advance now. When you are a bird, if a hunter kills your mate, how much grief you would suffer. When you are an ant, if your months of hard earned food is swept away all at once, what would be your situation. When you are a dog, if your master forgets to feed you one day or when some one beats you hard with a stick or a stone, how much pain you would feel. When you have to be born as a donkey and have to carry too much weight on your back just imagine now itself. If you do not peruse this human life properly what kind of lives you will be entitled to and how much pain and grief you will have to suffer, imagine now itself and develop fear within you. That fear is good for you. It will motivate you to exert and use your intellect.

But if you do not use your intellect for the ultimate purpose and misuse it for ulterior purposes;

moghasa mogha-karmano mogha-jnana vicetasah  !
                raksasim asurim caiva prakrtim mohinim sritah !         ch9/12

Motivated by futile desires, doing futile deeds, some people develop their minds with futile knowledge of materials and things which in effect pollute their minds to become enigmatic, losing the natural wisdom and become easily attracted to sense pleasures, brutality and violence.

When we do not know our real nature and the righteousness, and engage in thoughts and activities from body's perspective, we are indeed engaged in bad habits. Yes we fall to bad habits unknowingly. Is there no way out now?

api cet su-duracaro bhajate mam ananya-bhak  !
                    sadhur eva sa mantavyah samyag vyavasito hi sah !         ch9/30

Howsoever bad habited a man may be, once he recognizes his real self and turns towards himself, he instantly becomes good intellectual practitioner.

ksipram bhavati dharmatma sasvac-chantim nigacchati  !
                        kaunteya pratijanihi na me bhaktah pranasyati !              ch9/31

Soon he becomes righteous and embraces eternal peace. One who is devoted to the real self shall never perish. Sharp intellectual shall know this for sure.

Once a man knows the absolute righteousness and practices the same with single minded devotion, there is no death for him.

ananyas cintayanto mam ye janah paryupasate  !
                      tesam nityabhiyuktanam yoga-ksemam vahamy aham !          ch9/22

Whosoever without any distraction of thoughts is continuously engaged in self devotion shall automatically get what is due to such a person (imperishable experience) and that shall be eternally preserved.

sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja !
                       aham tva sarva-papebhyo moksayisyami ma sucah !            ch18/66

Quitting all the natures hitherto embraced if you singularly embrace your eternal real nature, you shall, by the grace of the eternal reality, be purified of all the sinful attachments. Do not grieve. 

Paramathma, familiar to every one as Athma, the real self upholds and supports the entire animated and inanimate creation and remains the solitary unchanging eternal reality.

May all be comfortable!
May all be happy and peaceful!
May all be bountiful!
May all be propitious!

Sparkling bits and pieces spilled out from immortal streams of enlightening discourses by the boundlessly compassionate, the divinely equipped, the personification of knowledge, the mystical Master, the authoritative Existence-Consciousness-Bliss, the most capable Sadguru, Sri Sri Sri Bhavaghni Guruji are assimilated here by one among the lowest order of his disciples, for his own comprehension. Others, who by chance examine this article are expected to note that while the truthful revelations found in this are from divine Guruji's immortal talks, the rest are concocted for harmony with the writer's level of understanding.